The Role of IoT in Fire Safety

Did you know that the automatic fire sprinkler that has been such an integral part of life was invented way back in 1882? We owe this invention to Frederick Grinnell who invented the conventional glass disc sprinkler that we use till date.

It’s literally been a century since this invention, and it remains more or less the same, but with the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, a lot is beginning to change. Innovation can be seen in the fire safety equipment that we use, including the traditional fire sprinkler.

The advent of new technology is playing a massive role in the transformation of the fire safety industry as well, and one of the most promising technologies with a multitude of applications is the Internet of Things (IoT).

IoT sensors are an integral part of smart homes and smart buildings. These structures are dotted with devices which are connected and controlled by autonomous software. Essentially, one can perform various tasks within the building remotely, with the help of these connected devices. So how do these devices work to detect fire safety hazards? There are various sensors which let you know of any suspicious changes in the environment, such as different types of gas leakage, change in atmospheric temperature or the presence of smoke. All of these are dangerous fire hazards which trigger the software to raise an alarm.

In this blog, we will explore the role of IoT technology within fire safety. We will zoom into the various layers within connected devices, and how they work in tandem to secure a space.

Detecting Disturbances

The most important role of IoT in fire safety is detecting disturbances. This process is a culmination of the functioning of different sensors which work together to trigger alarms and alerts. The devices store and collect information and also process it. The IoT technology works in unison with all of the detectors and sensors and is also designed to pick up on anything out of the ordinary in the immediate environment, such as a sudden spike or drop in temperature depending on what detection devices and sensors you have installed.

Facilitating and Processing Information

IoT technology basically connects devices, which means that it creates a sort of communication layer in the framework by transferring and processing information from its environment over secure lines using an advanced communication system. This is the layer of the device which interprets and analyses the data collected from various detection devices and sensors so that the appropriate next steps can be taken.

Autonomous and Continuous Servicing of Connected Devices

The next layer in IoT devices is the middleware layer. The middleware layer is in charge of service management over the different connected devices. It is also very handy in storing information that’s sent by the network layer in a database, which in turn helps in the decision-making of the device. Essentially, this is the layer which ensures that everything is functioning as it should.

Damage Control from a Distance

IoT allows you to contain and sometimes even avert a disaster, by intelligently detecting it in time, taking the necessary precautions, and alerting concerned parties immediately. This means that you can efficiently manage the safety and security in terms of fire of an establishment from anywhere in the world, which can make all the difference in case of an emergency or disaster. An unchecked fire has the potential to wreak havoc and destroy lives, property, and infrastructure. All of this can be averted with the use of intelligent fire safety alarm panels.

All of the technology stated above is applied to create a comprehensive fire safety solution. The solution includes fire safety detection systems that send alerts in case temperatures are too warm, gas detectors which will alert you if there is a leak, and these systems then work in tandem to trigger the appropriate fire suppression systems.

If it weren’t for IoT technology, fire suppression devices would arbitrarily release the same solution for any kind of disaster, which can be dangerous. For example, sprinklers may be a good suppressant if the fire is started with organic flammable materials, but in case of an electric fire, it may cause more damage. For chemical fires, releasing the right foaming agent is very important, which is made possible because of the data which IoT devices can collect and intelligently analyze.

While all these technologies may have been around for a while, it is the Internet of Things that brings them all together. A smart home is not only able to detect a gas leak, but also alert you, and perform damage control until the authorities arrive. Smoke detectors are connected to automatic sprinklers and door release system, so that your fire safety systems make sense, and do more than just alert you. Since you can operate these devices remotely, you can nip any mishap in the bud.

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