November 28, 2018

With every industry is being digitised, how far can fire protection and prevention be from catching up? The gaseous fuel eco-system lays emphasis on a strong fire protection system and the changing trend in this industry has revolutionised the way fire protection eco-systems work.

 

 

In line with the 4th Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), the term Fire Protection 4.0 signifies the 4th evolution in the fire protection system. Since its inception as an industry, fire protection has seen many changes – from water & sand buckets in the 18th Century to Cloud and IoT connectivity in the 21st Century. The internet and the Artificial Intelligence (AI) are dramatically changing the way the fire protection systems operate or can operate. The fire industry is known to adopt the new changes as soon as they are introduced and also the people working in this industry are quite adaptable towards new methods and techniques to detect, fight and suppress a fire.

The Drivers of Fire Protection 4.0

The Fire Protection industry is using technology to its maximum utilisation in furthering the cause of detection, prevention, and suppression of fire. The future of Fire Protection 4.0 is dependent upon these four technology drivers:

 

  1. Intelligent Wired/Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks

The use of intelligence wired and wireless sensors and sensor networks provide the backbone to the connected fire protection system. These sensors can be used for detecting gas leakages or the presence of flammable gases. The hydrant and sprinkler systems can be sensor operated which can detect the water pressure, flow, and levels and activate those accordingly. The wireless battery operated smoke and heat detectors devices like MCPs can help in quick detection of smoke. Sensors for fire suppressant systems can help in automatically activating those systems which can save the valuable time which otherwise could be wasted in case of manual activations.

 

  1. Internet and Cloud Computing

The internet and cloud connectivity is set to change all industries including the fire protection industry. These technologies help in improving the connectivity between man and machine. The continuous data generated by the sensors (as described in point #1 above), can be effectively and safely stored on the cloud. The data on the cloud is accessible from anywhere, anytime, all the time. With appropriately designed integrated workflows, the data from the cloud can be readily accessed via smartphones and tablets which helps in accurate positioning of the location of the fire breakout. The accuracy of location during an emergency helps in providing help at a faster speed and in case of a fire breakout, time is an essential aspect. Another advantage of the cloud is the 24×7 connectivity.

 

  1. Blockchain

The Blockchain technology is an incorruptible digital ledger that lets one store and share data and information through the internet. Blockchain technology decentralises the data storage which makes it almost safe from hackers as there is no one source of the data stored. Every system on which the data is shared becomes the server. The Blockchain technology in the fire protection industry can help in streamlining data and communication between contractors, manufacturers, AMC providers, insurance companies, and users

 

The streamlining of information via Blockchain can help in creating a bridge between the contractors and manufacturers thereby eliminating the communication gap between these parties. The information can be available to all the parties all the time. Besides this, keeping the insurance companies in the loop in this data sharing can help in claim settlement as well.

 

  1. Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is turning around the ways in which industries can operate. Sticking to the Fire Prevention Industry, artificial intelligence can play a big role in changing the way this industry operates.  There are several things that can be done in preventing a fire with the help of artificial intelligence.

  • Artificial intelligence can help in resource planning. For example, automated analysis of the number of buildings in the area of fire breakout, the population and the type of road to reach that area, can help in knowing the number of fire tenders needed and the method to be used to douse the fire. Knowing these before reaching the spot can be extremely useful.
  • Conducting an assessment of the surrounding forest area through satellite imaging can help in forewarning the fire department so that they can take preventive measures accordingly.
  • Establishments can use intelligent smoke and heat detectors.
  • Use of audio and vibration analytics can help in detecting leakages in gas pipelines which can help in preventing fires caused because of gas leakages.
  • AI can help in the analysis of sensor data from motors, pumps, diesel engines, water reservoirs, pressure switches and can accurately predict the health of the system – this information is extremely useful in preventive maintenance

 

Technology is the future and what better than the fire protection industry to utilise the full potential of technology to eliminate the casualties caused by fire breakouts. The latest cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence, Blockchain, IoT, and Cloud are dramatically transforming various industries such as manufacturing, retail, automotive, etc. Even the fire protection industry can greatly benefit from these – it is just a matter of the industry professionals and the experts to adopt these quickly and enjoy the benefits of the transformation.


November 28, 2018

A chilling incident that unfurled in the capital reaffirmed the urgent requirement of better surveillance solutions for banks. Just a few days ago, a Corporation Bank branch in Chhawala faced a heist by a gang of thieves who shot the cashier dead and fled with whatever cash they could find, reports say that the amount was between 2-3 lakhs. However, it was the CCTV footage from over 200 cameras that helped over a 100 policemen crack the case within 12 hours. The tragic part of this case was not the money or the robbery itself, but the unnecessary loss of life. If this bank had better systems in place, the authorities could have reached the bank within minutes and would have had the chance to catch the culprits in the act. However, since the bank was in a remote region in Delhi, the only form of security was the CCTV cameras which did nothing to save the life of the innocent cashier. In September 2018, a branch of Punjab National Bank in Noida was robbed and two private security guards lost their lives in the incident. Although it is apparent that banks are not as safe as they may seem, not many banks have taken the necessary steps to ensure that the safety and security solutions are up to date. As the times progress, it is important to note that criminals also get smarter, we need to be one step ahead of the bad guys.

In this blog, we cover the main elements that banks need to look for in their surveillance systems –

 1)  Glass Break Sensors

This is one of the most important factors in a bank – even more important than CCTV footage. This is because the breaking of the glass is an act of violence. If there are no sensors, no one will know of the incident unfurling until the culprit escape. If you have these sensors in place, the authorities will be alerted as soon as any glass is broken, and they will be present at the bank within minutes. What’s more is that the criminals may not be aware of this, so chances of catching them red-handed are even higher.

 2) Motion Sensor (Shutter/Door)

Motion sensors which are meant for intrusion detection are designed to pick up unusual vibrations and break-ins. This is especially effective in the night when the tampering of the shutters could take place. The authorities are immediately alerted and will arrive at the bank in no time.

 3) Smoke Detector

Smoke Detectors are used to sense fire. They are usually connected to fire alarm. However our Security Systems have integrated feature for safety.

 4) 5D Sensor

This refers to the lenses on the CCTV camera. A 5D sensor will make the CCTV camera as powerful as a DSLR, which is the need of the hour. Criminals know that CCTV cameras are installed and they come prepared, covering most parts of their face and body. If your CCTV camera is outdated, it will provide a pixelated video which is not enough when it comes to identifying masked criminals. A 5D sensor will pick up the minutest details such as birthmarks, tattoos, or wounds which will make the identification process a lot easier.

5) 2-way Audio System

Both, banks as well as ATMs, must consider Microphone Amplifier and Speaker for 2-way digital voice recording operations. This device records all of the surrounding voices and sounds so that the police department has something to work with, in case of an emergency.

6) Intrusion Alarm Panel

An intrusion alarm panel is an IoT-enabled device which is complete with magnetic and vibration sensors. These sensors pitch up the algorithms of set vibrations caused by actions such as drilling or hammering, in case of break-ins. An intrusion panel system enables the authorities to act swiftly since they are immediately notified.

 7) Tamper Alerts

Indian ATMs have no security besides physical guards and outdated CCTV cameras which do not do much for armed criminals. As a result, it is easy to tamper with the machines and install card readers to steal the personal information of others. A tamper-alert equipped ATM can trigger an alarm if someone tries to physically lift the ATM machine. They are triggered by certain vibrations and also have thermal alerts which sound in case of the machine getting burnt. A panic switch comes in handy if a customer is being held hostage, or even when a theft occurs, the authorities can be informed in no time.

The integration of these systems creates a stronghold that banks can trust. What’s more is that in case of an emergency, the authorities can be alerted much sooner, which gives them more time to act and nab the suspects on time. Most of the solutions mentioned above are IoT-enabled, which facilitates a quicker response time. The RBI strongly recommends the implementation of e-surveillance in banks. It is also important to note that life is precious, there is very little a security guard armed with a lathi can do if a gang of armed thieves barge into the bank. These systems are so much more than just CCTV solutions because any sign of a break in, be it too much noise or shattering glass, will be detected and alarms will automatically sound off, which makes the act of robbing a bank too risky for criminals to even consider!

To explore a wide-range range of world-class sensors, intrusion detectors and more such systems, visit our site at https://vighnaharta.in

 


October 5, 2018

In August, the Agra police arrested five men who were involved in ATM thefts across the city. The gang would hang around ATMs and look for easy targets, especially those people who were using an ATM for the first time. On the pretext of helping them out, they would siphon off all the money from their accounts. On further investigation, it was discovered that the gang had also been tampering with the machines, and the absence of monitoring in ATMs let them get away with it.

ATMs in Patna have been an easy target for criminals due to lack of surveillance. Just a few days ago, INR 10 lakhs was stolen from an SBI ATM, and INR 10,500 was stolen from a Bank of Baroda ATM in the heart of the city. A third loot was in an ICICI Bank, and all three loots were the result of criminals breaking open the ATM machines with glass cutters and fleeing with the cash within minutes. Earlier this year, a retired IPS Officer in Delhi suffered a loss of INR 80,000 as someone used a skimmer device to clone his debit card in an ATM fraud trap. In the wake of several incidents being reported from all over the country, banks must introspect and reconsider their stance on ATM security. It has become clear that physical guarding is not sufficient since sometimes the guards may be unaware of the tampering that takes place when a criminal is trying to install a scanner – even video surveillance helps only after the event has transpired. From customers being robbed inside ATMs to tech-savvy criminals who install skimmers or cloning devices in the machines which are used for debit and credit card information theft, the criminals are not only increasing but are also becoming more intelligent and calculated. It’s clear that the criminals are getting smarter, and it is the responsibility of banks to make sure that their surveillance systems evolve to outsmart the bad guys. So what are the measures beyond the traditional video surveillance and physical guards? Let’s find out:

Tamper Alerts

If the ATMs in India had tamper alerts, tampering with the ATM machines would be impossible. Tamper alerts are triggered by sensors which pick up on vibration, physical removal of the ATM, and also come with thermal alert and chest door open alert in case criminals try to burn or vandalize the machine. A panic switch would also come under tamper alerts, this can be pressed in case a customer in the ATM is held being hostage, or even if a robbery has just occurred, in which case the authorities can be alerted immediately.

2-Way Audio to Deter Crimes

ATMs need to be fitted with Microphone Amplifier and Speaker for 2-way digital voice recording operations. Think of this as your “black box” – in case a crime does take place, all of the audio will be recorded in this little speaker, making it easier for the police to nab the criminals.

Motion Alert

There are two kinds of motion sensors that are ideal for ATMs. One is Slit PIR and the second is Quad PIR. These are highly sensitive and are tamper proof. These sensors come in handy is picking up unusual activity such as someone trying to lift the entire ATM machine or someone trying to vandalize it. When such activity is detected, these sensors raise an alert.

Glass Break Alert

A glass break detector efficiently and accurately raises alarm if someone is trying to break glass in an ATM. These detectors are calibrated to pick up unique vibrational activity so that there is never a false alarm due to environmental agitation. Typically, thieves take around 10-20 minutes while looting an ATM, if the glass break is detected within the first 5 minutes of the break-in, authorities get sufficient time to act.

Siren Alert

When any of the above-mentioned alerts are trigged, the ATM surveillance system should sound a loud alarm of 110 dB. This ensures that even if there is no guard stationed at the ATM, bystanders will be alerted of a theft and authorities can be immediately called.

Alarm Panel Add-ons

Besides this, the alarm panel inside the ATM must have shutter magnetic sensors which will raise an alarm if someone is trying to fidget with the shutters during maintaince. An IVS or Intelligent Vibration Sensor is also a must-have since it picks up on the unique algorithms of vibrations caused from actions such as drilling or hammering. This means that the criminal could even be caught in the act if authorities respond swiftly.

All of the solutions you have read above should be integrated to the command center. So if there is an emergency or the alarms are sounded off for whatever reason, the authorities are automatically alerted immediately and no time is wasted. Integrating these solutions is the only way forward in an India that’s becoming increasingly digital. It is up to the banks to protect their customers from all of the newly emerging tactics used by criminals so that the customer is always safe and secure. We have secured hundreds of ATMs in the country and have revolutionized the e-surveillance systems in India, so if you feel like you’re ready to embrace smarter surveillance, get in touch.


September 18, 2018

In May 2018, a commercial complex in Nagpur was up in flames, and the incident revealed several fire safety violations in the building. A few days into September, yet another fire broke out in Kamala Mills, Mumbai, this time the cause was sparked from a welding machine that ended up on thermacol which burst into flames. Just a few days ago, a 7-story commercial building in Andheri suffered a massive fire which injured various personnel who were trying to douse the fire. Although this building had not violated any regulations in terms of fire safety, it took a total of 8 firefighting trucks to tackle this fire. So why are we still struggling to tackle the issues of fire, even in commercial buildings and complexes? Getting to the root of the problem is what can save lives in the long run, which is why in this blog, we try to explore all the various reasons for fires in commercial establishments.

Faulty Wiring and Electrics

The issue with electrical fires is twofold – they may be caused either by malfunctions or human error. Electrical malfunctions are more common and can have extremely dangerous repercussions. Improper wiring is the leading cause of these mishaps, and the cause of improper wiring isn’t just at the time of construction. You may have functional wiring at the time of shifting into your new office, but over time, if systems aren’t regularly maintained, the wiring will begin malfunctioning. The Portable Application Testing system works to ensure that electrical equipment is in working condition in commercial spaces. With regard to human error, the biggest culprits are frayed power cords, old extension boxes, and overload.

Cooking in Commercial Spaces

This is by far one of the biggest causes of commercial fires. Around 29.3% of nonresidential fires are cooling related. What’s more is that 1 out of 4 office building fires can be traced back to cooking mishaps. Since commercial kitchens operate with high volumes of electricity and flammable ingredients and equipment, the hazards are multiplied. Cooking equipment such as deep fryers, ranges, ovens, grills, barbecues, and rotisseries all create risks of explosions and electric fires. Cooking equipment attributes to 61% of all restaurant fires, making it one of the leading causes. To put things further into perspective, 4,500 fires a year are caused due to cooking in commercial spaces.

Hydrogen Leaks in Battery Rooms

Fire Broke out in Govt of Maharashtra’s Mantralaya in June 2012.  Three people were killed and 15 injured.  Several important files were charred.  This fire was attributed to short circuit in the UPS Battery Room which triggered Hydrogen gas oozed out of faulty Lead Acid Batteries.  Lead Acid Batteries are known to generate Hydrogen.  Generally leaks are small.  But if the room is not ventilated, H2 will accumulate and poses fire hazards.

Fires Caused by Heating Devices

This category of fire accounts for 9% of all nonresidential building fires. Similar to electric fires in the sense that heating devices may malfunction or be misused by humans, the most frequent occurrence of this type of fire is the improper use of heaters. Huge complexes such as malls and theatres use space heaters to regulate the temperatures. Besides heaters, there are also mechanical devices that are risky when overheated. These are furnaces, boilers and radiators to name a few. Heating devices are responsible for 14% of fires in manufacturing spaces, 11% in office areas, 9% in restaurants and 5% in healthcare.

Smoking Paraphernalia

Smoking kills in more ways than one. Improper disposal of lit cigars or cigarettes is one of the most common causes of fires. Smoking materials remain one of the top five most common causes of commercial fires. They are responsible for 9% of fires in office complexes, 7% of fires in eateries, and 5% of fires in healthcare facilities. Cigarette buds tossed in the trash can easily ignite into flames, which is a very common cause of fires in general.

Mission-Critical Zones

Airports, jet engine test facilities, refineries are all at very high risk and have an array of opportunity to cause a fire. This is because of the open floors and the presence of gallons of flammable liquids which can explode on accidental ignition.

Negligence and Human Error

9.2% of commercial fires were unintentional and are a result of negligence. Human errors such as leaving electric heaters on, disposing cigarette butts nonchalantly, or overloading old extension boards which spark fires are all common causes of fires in commercial spaces.

Arson

More common than most think, 36% of fires in educational institutions are started unintentionally, 10% in office spaces and 6% in healthcare facilities!

Understanding the root cause of an issue is the first and only way to tackle it. You have to know with the risks you’re dealing with so that your fire protection systems are planned out in accordance with the threats. While there are many causes for commercial fires, it’s important to remember to address them, and not dust them away. Addressing them does not have to be a plight or an overwhelming task, you can always get in touch with fire protection experts who will provide you with all the solutions that you would need! We hope this blog has helped you introspect on the safety of your own establishment, after all, like they say, prevention is always better than cure!


September 18, 2018

They say that reaching the last stages of life is just like entering a second childhood. One must be very careful and mindful with dealing with the elderly. They are sensitive, gentle and fragile, and require special assistance from time to time. When it comes to caring for the elderly members in the family, the first thing we consider is environmental factors such as preventing falls and injury. We make sure that there are no loose rugs on which they may trip, we make sure that there is adequate lighting in every room so that the grannies and grandpas at home have no trouble with visibly and wayfinding, we even install extra steps or bars in the bathroom so that there is support while getting up.

 

Let us have a look at various gadgets and technologies available today to help you in ensuring the safety of senior citizens at your home –

 

Fire Safety:

It’s important to understand that anyone over the age of 85 is 3.8 times more likely to die in a fire than the rest of the population. If the elderly folks in your home are alone from time to time, you’ll need to ensure that smoke detectors are installed in every room, not just the kitchen. This is because things such as mobility, mindset and health complications must be factored in when it comes to dealing with senior citizens. It is insensitive to expect elders to act as quickly as younger adults, which is why you need smarter smoke detection systems. Installing these will not only alert the occupants of the house but will also alert you so that you can take the necessary action to rush to their aid and call the authorities. Besides installing fire alarm systems and smoke detectors, have a word with the elderly members and let them know that in case of an emergency they must calmly exit the building.

 

Intrusion Detection:

One of the biggest fears of caregivers when it comes to caring for the elderly is intrusions. Detecting a break-in as soon as it happens gives you that much more time to alert the authorities. Go for intrusion alarm systems that can detect unauthorized entry into a space. Check for systems which offer video analytics features such as face recognition, loitering, license plate reading, and object removal to name a few.

 

LPG Gas Detection:

In many households, when the kids are at school and the parents are at work, the elderly of the household are left to their own devices for some time. In this time, it is very natural for elders to want to make a cup of tea or heat some food, and so on. But the nature of the elderly tends to be slightly forgetful, which is why LPG gas detectors are an absolute must in every household. Not leaving the gas on, even accidentally, maybe something that younger adults take for granted, but we must be understanding towards the elders since it is only human for them to forget things at their age. Go for highly sensitive gas detectors that can detect even the slightest release of LPG so that any crisis may be averted well in advance. When it comes to LPG, the trick is to nip the leak in the bud and air out the house completely.

 

Panic Switch for Bedside:

If the senior citizens in your home require certain aids for mobility such as wheelchairs, walking sticks or hearing aids, make sure that these are neatly arranged by the person’s bed before bedtime. This way, in case of an emergency, the person has everything that they may need to evacuate the home. Besides this, install a panic button so that the person may press in case of an emergency. This will sound of an alarm in every part of the house so that you can rush to the senior citizen in time.

 

Fall Sensors:

Around one-third of the population over 65 suffer falls each year. A fall for a senior citizen can bring forth extreme discomfort and pain, and sometimes, may even be fatal. If you are caring for a person above 65, then fall sensors can make all the difference to the wellness and safety of the concerned senior citizen. They are wearable devices which trigger an alarm to the caretaker if any sudden jolts or movements are detected. This way, even if you are unable to get to your loved one on time, you can at least call a friend for help in the meantime.

 

Door Sensors:

This is an especially handy equipment for dealing with elderly patients who may have dementia or related conditions. Such patients are always at risk since they are sometimes unaware of their surroundings which may unknowingly put them in dangerous situations. For these reasons, door sensors may be stationed at the patient’s room door so that a caregiver is alerted if the patient tries to exit the room. The idea is not to cordon off the patient, but rather to allow them to move around freely as long as you are aware of where they are.

 

Alarm & Emergency Management (AEMS) for Senior Citizen Homes:

This is one of our offerings which is based on a combination of smoke and gas leak protection. It is a special gas detection device that also doubles as a fire alarm system by alerting the building security for immediate help.

 

It is important to note that senior citizens are twice more likely to suffer fire-related injuries or fatalities than the youth and middle-aged adults. Limited mobility is one of the main issues which is why prevention is extremely important, as well as acting swiftly. Visit our website to find all of these solutions and more, which will help ensure the safety of the wisest members of your household!


September 1, 2018

Restaurants and hotels are dotted with fire hazards at every nook and cranny. From huge parking lots to open flames, cooking oils, electrical connections, and paper products in the same vicinity, one tiny spark has the potential to spiral out of control and claim lives as well as cause collateral damage.

According to the National Fire Protection Association, over 8000 eateries report a fire annually in the US alone. In spite of the US being a first world nation with stringent safety rules and regulations, fires in restaurants and bars still account for an average of $246 million in damages. Moreover, 57% of fires in restaurant kitchens are traced back to electric malfunctions in cooking equipment, so human error is not the only cause of fires which is the scary part. Even if the staff of the establishment has a perfect track record, there is still scope for a fire caused by errors in machinery. In December 2017, a horrific fire in a rooftop restaurant in Mumbai claimed 14 lives. The fire prompted DNA India to conduct a survey on the preparedness of restaurants to deal with fires. The results were that over 90% of restaurants in Mumbai don’t comply with the fire safety norms! This raises the question, are patrons really safe in restaurants and hotels? While we don’t have the answer to this question, we do have the solutions to make restaurants and hotels safer in terms of detecting, eliminating and suppressing fire hazards.

So how does one prepare for the worst? There are various steps that restaurants and hotels can take for ensuring the safety of their patrons, here are a few:

Gas detectors
Depending on your needs, there are a variety of gas detectors available in the market which are designed to cater to different purposes. For restaurant and hotel kitchens, a gas leak detector to detect LPG, PNG, and CNG leaks in commercial establishments is an absolute must. This is the most common type of fire in large kitchens that can do immense damage, but detecting the gas in time can save a lot of trouble. For the cold storage, you need a refrigerant gas leak detector which will sound of an alarm in case of a gas leak. For hotels and larger restaurants, the parking lots always have higher carbon monoxide levels by default, being a closed space with numerous cars that give out emissions. A carbon monoxide gas leak detector is a must for car parking lots. For hotels, there is always a risk of a hydrogen gas leak in the battery rooms, so one must have a detector for hydrogen installed in every battery room. By default, look for systems which are dust and splash proof, since they will be exposed to a lot of both in a kitchen. Also look for systems with the lowest possible response time. You should look for systems with a response time of 1-2 seconds, which means that they should be able to detect a gas leak before it is anywhere close to being a threat, giving the residents ample of time to evacuate the premises and call for help.

Smoke/Fire Alarm Systems
This is an emergency measure for fire detection and should be stationed in every room of a hotel or restaurant. You never know what can set off a fire, from cigarettes to electrical malfunctions and accidental fires, a smoke detection system will help the establishment to nip the problem in the bud. Automated systems are more desirable since they will automatically sound off in the entire establishment if necessary, some can also set off sprinklers indoors as well as outdoors.

Door Release Systems
To make sure that no one is injured, quick evacuation is a must. However, in large hotels, many doors are often pressure sealed, and when people begin to panic, they will try existing from every location possible. To ensure proper evacuation, an active fire protection system must include door release systems which will de-energise the magnetic hold on the fire doors, and will also open servo-actuated vents in stairways. This ensures smooth and panicfree evacuation.

Fire Suppressants
The role of fire suppressants in an active fire protection system is to extinguish the fire. This is done manually by means the brave firefighters or it’s an automated process. Ideally, there should be a combination of both, because fire suppressants play an important role in containing fires and preventing them from spreading until assistance reaches you. There are many methods of fire suppression, manual ones include fire extinguishers and standpipe systems, automated suppression systems include sprinkler systems, the automatic release of fire retardant gases, introducing a foam which fights fires. Commercial kitchens must always have automated systems because the chances of the fire spiraling out of control are much higher.

Sprinkler Systems
These systems should be installed indoors as well as outdoors. The indoor ones usually encompass ceiling level sprinklers that are triggered by heat, so they have their own detection methods which release water from the sprinkler when activated. The purpose of these systems is not necessarily to put out the fire completely, but rather to contain it and prevent it from spreading. A good sprinkler system will also help in minimising collateral damage.

Oxygen Reduction Systems
Also known as hypoxic air fire prevention systems, these nifty devices contain fires and prevent them from spreading by reducing the oxygen concentration so that the ignition process of the fire is curbed. Hypoxic air systems can be automated to be released in time to even prevent a fire.

In conclusion, we firmly believe that having active fire protection solutions in place is essential and imperative for the safety of everyone. It is important for restaurants and hotels to source all their equipment from verified and reputed manufacturers, and establish annual maintenance contracts with them so that the equipment are serviced and maintained from time to time. It’s also important to make sure that all the systems are up and running like they’re supposed to so that there is no risk of malfunctions. Training for staff members should be a given. Performing and conducting fire safety drills from time to time goes a long way, in case of an actual accident, order, and logic prevail over panic so that the crisis may be averted intelligently.


August 3, 2018

While the concept of shopping mall originated in the US, today it has become a retail trend all over the world. Malls are no longer just the places where people go to buy stuff – the malls have become engaging places where people love to spend time with their friends and families.

With lots of swanky shops selling a wide range of good, a host of eating joints, coffee shops, gaming areas, and movie theatres, malls have become the go-to place for many families over weekends. To ensure that the placeis safe for the patrons, the malls take a lot of precautions in the background and have a lot of systems in place.

Let us take a look –
Parking Lots
Most of the malls have basement parking spread over multiple floors and thousands of vehicles are parked there at any given point. When it comes to parking lots, it’s important to accept and understand that even if the place is well-ventilated, there are vehicles leaking oil and gasoline, and the amount of CO emissions is usually higher than usual in these areas. Keeping this in mind, the mallsgenerally have two systems in place- the first being a gas detector for carbon monoxide and the second for exhausting CO emissions. Carbon monoxide is a silent killer. It’s colourless and odourless which makes it impossible to detect without a gas detector. This is one of the most common causes of poisoning and can be prevented with the right system. Coming toCO emissions, although we are always exposed to this seemingly harmless gas, it’s important to understand that this gas can take a life if human beings are exposed to a large quantity. This is why the mall typically also have CO detectors in the parking areas as well as the within the mall. CO detectors coupled with Ventilation/Exhaust fans make parking lots safer.

Food Courts
Food courts are one of the most visited places in the malls. Families enjoy their time here savouring on the variety of delicacies available. With so many restaurants, kitchens, bars, and breweries in the food court area, fires caused by LPG/PNG leaks are one of the highest risks. It is, therefore, mandatory for all the kitchens to have a good LPG/PNG gas detector installed in their kitchens. These splash-proof and water-proof detectors are designed to signal a warning before the gas density in the air reaches dangerous levels.

The restaurants and eating joints at the food court also operate refrigeration systems, which are prone to gas leaks. Since gas leaks from cold storage facilities have claimed the lives of many and have caused serious health complications for survivors, malls also deploy special cold storage gas detectors to detect the dangerous ammonia gas emissions from cold storage systems.

Battery Rooms
With so many electric equipments, computerisation, and automation inside the mall, it is obvious that the malls are home to large-scale battery rooms. The battery rooms can be hazardous areas and all the people accessing the rooms need to take appropriate safety measures. Lead Acid batteries release Hydrogen in small qty. Hydrogen is highly flammable gas. Accumulation of Hydrogen in the battery room can cause explosion and Fire.

To ensure the safety inside the battery rooms, the malls make sure that the batteries are mounted on appropriate racks which are properly insulated from earth. The battery stands are carefully designed for easy access and service. The rooms are also appropriately ventilated to remove excess hydrogen from the room. Such battery rooms are often fitted with Hydrogen Gas Detection systems to detect the hydrogen gas concentration in the room and raise an alarm when the concentration levels go above 10% of LEL (LEL of Hydrogen is 4%)so as to prevent any explosions.

Fire Suppression Systems
A fire suppression system is an automated system which can activate the extinguishing of a fire without any human interference. Such systems are integral in a mall because gas leaks are certainly not the only cause for fires within the mall. Fires caused by electricity, negligence or foul play cannot be detected or stopped by any detector. A fire suppression system can be tailored to release sprinklers on detecting smoke or suppress the fire using gases, depending on the nature of the fire.There are also alarm systemswhich get activated in an event of a fire.

Security Equipment and Procedures
Most malls use CCTV security cameras to keep an eye on the common areas in the mall. Security teams are trained to monitor the live video streaming of the CCTV security cameras. The mall’s security team is also trained to ensure that the staff, visitors, and the mall aresafe. Especially during the rush hours, the mall’s security program is enhanced to include emergency procedures. The security team is updated about the operational logistics, security systems, cameras, and fast emergency response. The patrol routes and times are also defined to make sure that any suspicious activities are immediately detected and acted upon.
When it comes to malls and safety, an age-old saying comes to our minds, “prevention is better than cure”. The modern-day malls have started employing various tools, techniques, and measures to ensure that their consumers feel welcome and safe at the mall and get an enjoyable experience.


July 30, 2018

In 2016, the plan to transform Rashtrapati Bhavan into a smart township was etched into the minds of many Indians, who were slowly learning to embrace a new, Digital India. With the talent and expertise of IBM, the President of India opened an Intelligent Operation Centre in the midst of the structure and even launched a mobile app to mark the commencement of the digital transformation of this iconic structure.

Well, RashtrapatiBhavan is not the only property to be converted into a smart township. Several developers across various metros, as well as small cities in India, have launched their ambitious Smart Township aka integrated township projects. These townships promise a higher quality of life. A smart township combines several elements of the latest technologies, focusing on IoT connected devices, to deliver a smooth experience and improve the quality of life for residents. In theory, a smart township is one which can be controlled from all anywhere in the world, wirelessly. They are a cluster of smart homes which digitally and wirelessly communicate with each other with the exchange of data.

So what are the main components required in a smart township framework? Let’s take a closer look.

Planning for convenience
First and foremost, a smart township is always located near areas where there are clusters of companies so that residents have the opportunity to work and earn. Secondly, all of the other essential amenities are located within the smart society. Your typical smart society will have a school, hospital, wellness centers, entertainment and retail centers, shopping centers and clubhouses within the perimeter of the society itself. This makes life extremely convenient for the residents. People have more free time since the time spent for conveyance, whether it’s to school or office is saved. Planning is such that there is no need for residents to leave the township for daily activities unless they want to.

Automated living
The homes within a smart society are smart homes. These homes have the similar frameworks to the smart society, on a more magnified scale. A smart home is simply a connected home -it is a home which is laden with high-tech, IoT devices which can be controlled remotely via mobile apps. Everything about the smart home – right from the lighting to appliances and even the thermostat – can be managed remotely. This automation makes life in a smart home a lot more convenient. What’s more is that it allows the residents to utilize their time better as well, for example, one can do a load of laundry from their workplace if their washing machine is connected to your home application.

Smart Gas Detection
Your average, run of the mill, society or township has obsolete safety and security precautions. This cannot be the same with a smart township. With the sheer volume of connected devices, electric equipment, and automation, the risks of fires because of various kind of gas leaks are much higher in smart townships. Smart townships obviously need each home to be equipped with a good IoT-enabled LPG/ PNG gas detector which can be monitored and controlled using a mobile app by the house owners. That apart, the vast parking areas need to be equipped with connected Carbon Monoxide gas leak detectors. The huge battery rooms need be equipped with Hydrogen gas detectors. These detectors should be IoT-enabled and be able to send appropriate alarms, texts, and mobile app notifications to the right stakeholders for quicker actions.

Smart Security
Apart from the surveillance equipment and CCTV cameras, smart townships require smart security solutions. Here, security cameras cover wider areas including the blind spots, access is more controlled through RFID, smart cards, or biometric access, each home is equipped with connected video door phones, and doors are equipped with motion sensors. Through automatic activity monitoring intrusion detection, and automatic workflows, appropriate alerts are raised for immediate action by the concerned authorities.

Greener conveyance to ease the load on the environment
Smart townships are not just about making our own lives simpler, but also to ease the load on the environment. Smart townships have electric charging points everywhere so as to promote the use of electric cars. Cycles are stationed everywhere for travel within the township, these are also digitally enabled to calculate charges so one may follow the self service module.

Intelligent resource and waste management
Carrying forward the point about greener solutions, a smart township typically has solar-powered LED street lights and intelligent systems to monitor the use of resources. Solar panels may be installed for all the homes and commercial areas as well. All this cuts long-term costs and makes a huge difference to the carbon footprint.Segregation of waste,centralized garbage management,and treatment facilities also exist within the township.

World class amenities
A smart township will always boast excellent amenities. There’s something for everyone to do here, from sports complexes to restaurants and shopping malls, you can even indulge in some self-care at your township spa!

The end-goal of a smart township is to elevate the standard of living of its residents by using greener technologies and connected devices. Without these key cornerstones, one cannot consider the township to be a “smart” one. Is your township ready to be a “smart township”?


July 30, 2018

Earlier this year, a five-year-old boy lost his life in a deadly blast in Navi Mumbai. The gas was left on overnight, and once ignited in the morning, the cylinder exploded and a wall separating two houses collapsed, crushing the child in the debris. Just a few days ago, a devastating fire in Varanasi claimed the lives of six people, including two children. The cause of this accident was an LPG cylinder explosion in a temple. Not too long ago, a huge fire broke out in a Patna storage unit which was caused by eight gas cylinders blowing up. All of these incidents have something in common – they’re all related to gas explosions and could have been avoided with the presence of a gas detector.What’s more is that the damage done in gas explosions in commercial areas are far more dangerous because of the proximity to other flammable equipment, take for example the Patna fire, all it took was one, undetected leak to spark 8 cylinders into a series of explosions. Employers and manufacturers around the world are acknowledging the very real risks of gas explosions and gas detectors are becoming the norm for any commercial space which involves the handling of gas.

Why is it important to use different gas detectors for different needs?

Choosing the right gas detector requires close inspection of your needs and a study of the options available to you while considering functionality and applications. If these two are aligned, then you have found the right gas detector which addresses your needs. If not, let’s take a closer look, and we mean literally take a closer look!

A site inspection is nowhere near enough; you need to conduct a thorough risk assessment to classify any potential gas leaks. Choosing your gas detector will depend on the results of this assessment. If the risks are highest for the release of LPG, you’ll need one that detects LPG, if your risks are highest for carbon monoxide, then that’s the detector you’ll need. There are different kinds of gas leaks and, therefore, there are various gas detectors built to identify them. A gas detector in a restaurant would be different from one in a parking lot because the two have very different risks. The risk of explosions caused due to undetected LPG leaks is the highest in restaurants, whereas risks of hydrogen leaks are much higher in areas with battery rooms. Each hazardous gas has different characteristics and hence, has different requirements to be detected. So choice of the gas detector comes down to utility- where do you need your gas detectors?

Let us take a look at the various commercial gas detectors –
LPG Gas Leak Detector
Designed for the safety of commercial and industrial kitchens, commercial grade gas leak detectors can detect LPG or PNG and send out a warning before the gas density in the air reaches dangerous levels. This gas detector is designed for early warnings of CNG leakage through pipelines or cylinders. These detectors are mounted on the walls and are designed to be used for commercial areas such as restaurant kitchens and large canteens.

Carbon Monoxide Gas Leak Detector
A silent and deadly killer, Carbon Monoxide is impossible to detect without a gas detector since it is odorless, colourless and non-irritant. It is the most common cause of fatal poisoning in the UK, and accidental deaths are common in these lethal poisonings. This gas is caused mainly in heating systems, blocked chimneys, faulty appliances and parking spaces. If you’re dealing with areas which receive less ventilation or have a higher amount of CO2 emissions, you’ll need a carbon monoxide detector. Make sure that you choose one where the output of the detector is PFC relay. A good gas detector will be waterproof and splash-proof, and will have a LEL barograph, requiring no calibration.

Hydrogen Gas Detector
This deadly gas is a high risk in battery rooms, which puts a lot of industries at risk. Even railways and metros which use huge battery packs are at risk of this gas leak. In fact, just a few weeks ago, a fire in Mantralaya, the seat of power in Mumbai claimed the lives of three people and left fifteen gravely injured. The cause of this was hydrogen banks which were being held in a server room. This is why it is essential to have a good gas detector if this is one of your risks. A good detector would have a replaceable filter, IP65 enclosure, and a LEL bargraph. It should also be interfaced with the gas detection panel to detect the exact location of the gas leak and allow taking quick action.

CO2 Detector
As the population rises, the CO2 emissions will naturally rise too. This means that spaces which are large enclosures are at risk for this kind of leak. In a sealed environment such as a mall, oxygen levels drop from 21% to 17%, the CO2level will rise to 4%. This level of CO2 can result in dizziness, confusion, and headaches. At higher levels of CO2, it can be life-threatening. Large tanks of CO2 are stored in pressurized tanks in bars, breweries, and restaurants. Since the gas is colourless and odorless, a leak will basically result in a death trap for everyone within the premises. This is why it is important to have a good gas detector since it is impossible to detect otherwise.

Refrigerant Gas Detector
Last year, an ammonia gas leak in Kanpur caused a tragic explosion in a cold storage facility that took the lives of five people and injured several others. Just a few months later, 50 students were hospitalized in Chhindwara after a gas leak in a cold storage near the school. The effects of a gas leak from VRF systems can be devastating, which is why a Refrigerant Gas Leak Detector is essential. A good gas detector can be used in refrigeration systems in commercial and industrial premises, food and storage facilities, supermarkets, parking garages, wastewater treatment plants, hospitals, and schools and colleges. Look out for bargraph indication which will tell you the level of concentration of the gas. Make sure that your gas detector is available with PPM bargraph and a long life semiconductor sensor. It also helps to choose one which is water and dust retardant and has a replaceable filter.

While choosing the right gas detector, make sure that you are evaluating all of the risks involved and choose a gas detector which is most suitable for your needs.


July 30, 2018

Not too long ago, a major fire in Kamla Mills, Mumbai claimed fifteen lives and injured several others. The damages included several restaurants and establishments, and the fire reportedly consumed the building within thirty minutes. This lethal fire started in a rooftop restaurant and just like several others, could have been avoided. A few years ago, a total of 146 cases of gas leaks were reported in Pune alone. The reasons for this can always be traced down to negligence, improper handling and a lack of training or readiness to respond to an emergency situation. The PMC’s Chief Fire Officer, Prashant Ranpise, had stated that “most of the cooking gas-related accidents occur due to leakages from the rubber tube, faulty fittings of regulators and poor handling of gas appliances and cooking unattended which leads to overflow and gas leak”.

Incidents like these showcase the severity of the workplace danger which the staff members in commercial kitchens experience. Fireerupting because of gas leakages is one of the many dangers which the restaurant employees face and yet, many commercial establishments are unprepared to handle that. So it’s the need of the hour for any establishment involving a kitchen operating at full capacity to ensure that the gas leak is detected early on so that the workforce can take appropriate actions before any disaster happens.

Gas detectors are extremely important and critical safety equipment for such kitchens and canteens as they help in detecting explosive gases which may not be smelled by humans, identify oxygen deficiency, or detect the presence of toxic gases in the air. In the absence of gas detectors,the workers are exposed to extremely damaging gases and fumes which can have highly adverse effects on their bodies and minds and can even result in death.

Here we present some critical reasons why we believe that restaurant, hotels, and canteen kitchens need to invest in a good quality gas detection system –

  • One cannot avoid oil fumes when cooking in a large commercial kitchen. Sneezing profusely isn’t the only effect of oil fumes, one of the biggest threats that this seemingly harmless aspect of cooking poses is gas leaks. What’s worse is that sometimes, the most lethal gas leaks are odourless which means that they cannot be smelled by normal human beings. Oil fumes may be caused due to various reasons such as extremely high temperatures in a fryer, overheating cooking oil,or fat deposits in the flue. An example of this that occurred in March 2018 was the fire at a temple kitchen in Tirupati. The origin of the fire was a ghee vessel which overheated during the boondi making in one of the halls. A worker accidentally overheated the ghee and sprinkled water over it which created oil fumes that spread and attracted flames, and thereby engulfed the other vessels. Thankfully, authorities acted swiftly and no one was hurt, but the repercussions could have been a lot worse. Besides starting fires, oil fumes also have terrible effects on human health, especially the lungs.
  • One of the most common causes of accidents and mishaps in the kitchen are explosions. This could be triggered by several reasons including faulty wiring or gas leaks. Dangerous, flammable gases have the potential to cause a horrific explosion which can do adverse damage. The Times of India recently reported a fire which broke out in a South Bengaluru hotel and lasted.
  • for over 40 minutes. The guests were evacuated on time so no one was injured.However, due to this negligence, the hotel had to incur huge costs for repairs.
  • As they say “A stitch in time saves nine”. While it is important to train the kitchen staff on fire safety and evacuation procedures, the situation turns extremely dangerous when the fire breaks. It is also important to note that since the kitchen staff keeps changing, it is extremely hard for the hotel management to train all their old and new staff members on fire safety procedures equally well. Instead, through proper measures, dire situations can be avoided. Gas leak is one of the most common causes of fire explosions in commercial kitchens. Therefore, commercial kitchens well-equipped with gas leak detectors make the kitchens safer to operate.
  • It is also important to note that fire spreads very swiftly. A major reason for this occurrence is because the valve that cuts of the gas supply in case of a fire has nothing to prevent it from leaking more gas. Gas leaks literally add flame to the fire and make it spread, which is how the Kamla Mills fire spread from one restaurant and ultimately engulfed the entire building.

What to look for in a commercial gas detector?
It’s been established that gas detectors in kitchens and restaurants, especially commercial ones, is the need of the hour. Too many mishaps arise due to simply not being prepared, and this leads to terrible losses, sometimes of human life, and monetary loses as well. Gas detectors are essential in industrial kitchens because even though the risks are very real, they can certainly be easily avoided if detected in time!

  • When choosing the right gas detector, especially for large kitchens, make sure you choose the one which is interfaced with an addressable fire alarm panel that can be controlled with the use of monitor modules. This makes it easier for anyone to act quickly, if required. Smaller kitchens and canteens can choose the conventional panels as well.
  • Choose a gas detector which shuts off the gas valve completely and cuts off the gas supply. This eliminates the possibility of the fire or gas leak spreading.
  • Considering the factor that water may splash around while cleaning utensils or maintaining equipment, choose water splash-proof grade detectors with IP65 protection. With this protection, oil, water, grease, or dust cannot damage the sensors and electronics inside the detector, givingyou the maximum protection.
  • Since oil fumes are integral part of a large kitchen, the gas detector sensor head should have a double filter arrangement to accommodate and reverse the effect of oil fumes. This is because the oil fumes block the sensor making it useless.
  • Also, do ensure to choose gas detectors which are explosion-proof as per the industry mandated PESO rules.
  • Lastly, choose a gas detector which is extremely easy to operate even for a layman.

Making the commercial kitchens safe to operate is one of the prime responsibilities of the management and it is also mandated by the law. Instead of relying on random manual processes, it is critical for commercial kitchens to install gas leak detection systems which identify potentially hazardous gas leaks using various sensors. These sensors alert people through audible alarms when they detect the presence of a dangerous combustible and toxic gases thereby ensuring a high degree of safety.

Connect with us to know more about our latest IoT-enabled commercial gas leak detection systems, which are trusted by millions of users


Registered Office Address

5, New Sadashiv Peth, Alka Talkies Square, Pune – 411030, India.
+91 90110 33260

https://vighnaharta.in/

sales@vighnaharta.in

Factory Address

2nd Floor,Karanjkar Estate, Surve.No.11/11, Nanded Gaon, Pune – 411 041
+91 9011033260

https://vighnaharta.in/

sales@vighnaharta.in

GET IN TOUCH

Follow Our Activity

Realty Automation & Security Systems Private Limited